Wayne Norman, Video Engineer
888-44-WAYNE
888-449-2963

Video Engineer
Video Controller (Shader)
Technical Director
Video Painting Engineer

Digital Image Technician
Engineer in Charge
Technical Manager
Technical Supervisor

wayneweb@videoengineer.net
Sit-Coms
Talk Shows
Concerts
Sports
Reality Shows
Dramas
Corporate
Commercials
Music Videos
New Media

Triax, Fiber, and Copper Camera
Set Up and Operation Specialist

Experienced with all brands of Digital Cinema Cameras,
including Alexa, Red, Sony, and Phantom

4K HDTV, HD-SDI HDTV

Field, Studio, Flight Packs, Mobile Units

Wayne Norman, CreditsWayne Norman, Contact InformationWayne Norman, Technical ManagerWayne Norman Technical Direcctor4K HDTVVideo Conntroller Versus Color CorrectionVideo GraderVideo FormatsVideo for DPsWorld TV StandardsTraining for Directors, Producers, and DPsSystem Design and OperationSoftwareSearch SiteRecording MediumVideo Recording DurationsVideo Engineering RackWayne Norman LinksJob ExplanationIntercom SystemsFormsFocal Length CalculatorEquipment Manuals

 

1080i 720p 24p
 

 

   
Resolution
Pixels by Lines
1920 x 1080 1280 x 720 1920 x 1080
       
Frame Rate
29.97
59.94 23.98
 
   
Scan Mode
interlaced
progressive progressive
 
   
Notes

Most commonly used broadcast recording format

Generally used by broadcasters who are trying to maximize frequency spectrum and are not concerned with picture quality Predominantly used by Producers to emulate the film look when broadcast on Television, and for use as a recording medium, when the final output is film.
Networks
Airing
HDNet, CBS, NBC, Discovery HD, TNT HD
FOX, ABC, ESPN
None
 

Popular formats explained

HDCAM

Color Sampling = 3:1:1, Bandwidth = 143 Mb/s, Compression 7.1:1, Precision = 8 bit, 1440x1080

 

HDCAM SR (two modes)

Color Sampling = 4:2:2, Bandwidth = 440 Mb/s, Compression 2.7:1, Precision = 10 bit, 1920x1080
Color Sampling = 4:4:4, Bandwidth = 880 Mb/s, Compression 4.2:1, Precision = 10 bit, 1920x1080

 

D5 (two modes)

Color Sampling = 4:2:2, Bandwidth = 250 Mb/s, Compression 4:1, Precision = 8 bit, 1440x1080
Color Sampling = 4:2:2, Bandwidth = 250 Mb/s, Compression 5:1, Precision = 10 bit, 1440x1080

 

DVCPRO100

(1080)
Color Sampling = 2.7:1.3:1.3, Bandwidth = 98,5 Mb/s, Compression 6.7:1, Precision = 8 bit, 1280x1080i30
Color Sampling =3:1.5:1.5 Bandwidth = 92 Mb/s, Compression 6.7:1, Precision = 8 bit, 1440x1080i25
(with a special test chart you can see the loss of color resolution, and the  25i color resolution of DVC PRO HD is slightly better than HDCam)

(4:2:2 is wrong! (cause it's referenced to Thin Raster) compared to HDCAM.  Everyone knows HDCAM's real color resolution is 3:1:1, but the resolution of 3:1:1 references to 1920x1080 Full HD, and you should always reference to the full raster)

(720)
Color Sampling = 3:1.5:1.5, Bandwidth = 98,5 Mb/s, Compression 6.7:1, Precision = 8 bit, 960x720p60
Color Sampling = 3:1.5:1.5, Bandwidth = 82 Mb/s, Compression 6.7:1, Precision = 8 bit, 960x720p50


 

HDV

(1080)
Color Sampling = 4:2:0, Bandwidth = 25 Mb/s, Compression 22.5:1, Precision = 8 bit, 1440x1080

(720)
Color Sampling = 4:2:0, Bandwidth = 25 Mb/s, Compression 22.5:1, Precision = 8 bit, 1280x720

also here 4:2:0 is referenced to thin-raster, so compared to full raster it must be 3:1:0 or 3:1.5:0 depending on format and frame rate (at this moment there is no trustworthy information on HDV, and the table below is used as a reference, but that would be a 3:0.5:0.5 color sampling for HDV, However, this may not be right)

 

         
         
         
   
Copyrighht 2015 Wayne Norman